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University of California Press. Lives of saints St AndrewSt Thomas the ApostleSt John the Evangelist form a part of a poem, strictly didactic, which stands out by reason of its great extent nearly thirty-five thousand verses and the somewhat original conception of its scheme - the Breviars damora vast encyclopediaon a theological basis, composed by the Minorite friar Matfre Ermengaut of Bezers between and or thereabout. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Troubadours. The former, feeling the germs of poetry within him, had composed some pieces in French; but, finding that his old mother could not understand them, he was greatly distressed. Inevitably, however, pieces of these genres are verbal attacks at jongleursin general and in specific, with named individuals being called out.

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L'Occitane for Men Eau De Toilette, 100ml

In the late 13th century Guiraut Riquier bemoaned the inexactness of his contemporaries and wrote a letter to Alfonso X of Castilea noted patron of literature and learning of all kinds, for clarification on the proper reference of the terms trobador and joglar. This organization, which covered the whole of the South of France, gave new impetus to local felibres poetsbut there was, as yet, no unity and everyone continued working in their own specific area. This Gascon "literary fad" was unpopular in Provence in the early 13th century, harming the reputation of the poets associated with it. Finally, in the early 13th century it began to spread into first Italy and then Cataloniawhence to the rest of Spain and to Portugal. The earliest known troubadour, the Duke of Aquitaine, came from the high nobility. According to Riquier, every vocation deserved a name of its own and the sloppy usage of joglar assured that it covered a multitude of activities, some, no doubt, with which Riquier did not wish to be associated.

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The number of Occitan parchment chansonniers given as extant varies between authors, depending on how they treat fragmentary and multilingual manuscripts. Copy of a lost manuscript compiled by Bernart Amoros. Lives of saints St AndrewSt Thomas the ApostleSt John the Evangelist form a part of a poem, strictly didactic, which stands out by reason of its great extent nearly thirty-five thousand verses and the somewhat original conception of its scheme - the Breviars damora vast encyclopediaon a theological basis, composed by the Minorite friar Matfre Ermengaut of Bezers between and or thereabout. Contains the chansonnier du roi of Theobald I of Navarre. This article needs additional citations for verification. A troubadour often stayed with a noble patron of his own and entertained his court with his songs. The texts of troubadour songs deal mainly with themes of chivalry and courtly love.

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