And then he had lost all his money and had his passport stolen and he was stranded for many weeks in Genoa while he was trying to get home to the United States, to his mother, to his friends, an to his life there, he formed a bond with a number of the seamen and other people from around the world who were in desperate straights in that port city. Although he abandoned his Marxist views, he continued to protest the social and racial conditions endured by African Americans. The family moved to the Fairfax neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohiowhere he attended Central High School  and was taught by Helen Maria Chesnuttwhom he found inspiring. With the gradual advance toward racial integrationmany black writers considered his writings of black pride and its corresponding subject matter out of date. Hughes and his fellows tried to depict the "low-life" in their art, that is, the real lives of blacks in the lower social-economic strata. A paternal great-grandfather was of European Jewish descent.
If white people are pleased we are glad.
InHughes began publishing stories about a character he called Jesse B. Hughes's work Panther and the Lashposthumously published inwas intended to show solidarity with these writers, but with more skill and devoid of the most virulent anger and racial chauvinism some showed toward whites. Arnold Rampersad, the primary biographer of Hughes, determined that Hughes exhibited a preference for other African-American men in his work and life. If white people are pleased we are glad. His first piece of jazz poetry, "When Sue Wears Red," was written while he was in high school. While in grammar school in Lincoln, Hughes was elected class poet.