Rather, LGB individuals are often raised in communities that are either ignorant of or openly hostile toward homosexuality. Gay especially refers to male homosexuality,  but may be used in a broader sense to refer to all LGBT people. Men who have sex with men may donate blood; Temporary deferral 1. Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing. Psychology Press. Measuring the prevalence of homosexuality presents difficulties.
In cultures influenced by Abrahamic religionsthe law and the church established sodomy as a transgression against divine law or a crime against nature.
Gays and the military: When it was first described in medical literature, homosexuality was often approached from a view that sought to find an inherent psychopathology as its root cause. Notwithstanding these regulations taxes on brothels with boys available for homosexual sex continued to be collected until the end of the reign of Anastasius I in
In social science, there has been a dispute between "essentialist" and "constructionist" views of homosexuality.