Second, by testing both male and female speakers, we have extended prior research that had mostly focused on male speakers. In all four studies, listeners were found to make gender-typical inferences about traits and preferences of heterosexual speakers, but gender-atypical inferences about those of gay or lesbian speakers. This reasoning is perfectly in line with dual-process models according to which stereotyping may be either feature- or category-driven Blair et al. Depending on the experimental condition, participants were either exposed to a visual or auditory stimulus. In the past few years, there has been a growing number of studies investigating how facial features lead to categorization of sexual orientation Cox et al.
Hence, heterosexism takes distinct forms for gay and lesbian individuals.
This suggests that gender-atypical voice by itself is sufficient to trigger gender-inverted stereotyping, just as gender-typical voice triggers traditional gender stereotyping. The question whether sexual orientation-based categorization contributed above and beyond the effects of gender-atypical sound can also be addressed from a different vantage point. Java is a high-level programming language.
The attitudes toward lesbians and gay men ATLG scale.