Moreover, transpersons with high overall body dissatisfaction at baseline showed persistent higher dissatisfaction after treatment. Baseline data are presented as mean with SD for normally distributed data, and median with range for nonnormally distributed data. In addition, five out of eight cases had ER negative cancer, and lobular development was similar to that of an adolescent girl [ 17 ]. Persons who were still in their first year of CHT, who were lost to follow-up, or who had unknown baseline breast or chest measurements were excluded for analyses. Given the growing desire among health-care professionals to improve access for the transgender community, it is critical for those in the medical community to develop methods for delivering culturally sensitive care in a welcoming environment [ 5 ]. Recommendations on finding them are forthcoming. One-hundred-forty-two male to female subjects are eligible for this study.
Surreptitious injection of mineral oil:
Breast Cancer Res. Because respiration was not standardized in this study, measurements were likely to be affected by the respiration of the transwomen measured and thereby it probably affected the accuracy of the measurements. It has been demonstrated that early menarche and late menopause are associated with increased risk of breast cancer in cisgender women [ 38 ]. Let your transition be about you, not the world.
The risk for breast cancer due to exogenous hormones prescribed for transgender individuals is informed by studies of estrogen and androgens in the general population.